Special Education Process
What are the steps in the Special Education Process?
Step 1: Initial Referral for Special Education Services
Students suspected of having a disability are referred to a
multidisciplinary team called the Committee on Special Education or the
Committee on Preschool Special Education.
Step 2: Individual Evaluation Process
The Committee arranges for an evaluation of the student's abilities and needs.
Step 3: Determining Eligibility for Special Education Services
Based on evaluation results, the Committee decides if the student is
eligible to receive special education services and programs.
Step 4: Individualized Education Program (IEP)
If the child is eligible to receive special education services, the Committee develops and implements an appropriate IEP, based on evaluation results, to meet the
needs of the student Based on the IEP, the Committee must determine the
student's placement, ensuring that services are provided in the least restrictive environment (LRE).
Placement must be as close as possible to the student's home, and unless
the student's IEP requires some other arrangement the student must be
educated in the school he or she would have attended if not disabled.
For more information see least restrictive environment.
Step 5: Annual Review/Reevaluation
The IEP is reviewed and, if needed, modified or revised by the Committee
at least once a year ( annual review). The student has a reevaluation
at least once every three years, to review the student's need for
special education programs and services and to revise the IEP, as
appropriate, A reevaluation may also occur when conditions warrant or
when requested by a parent or teacher.
The process occurs sequentially with each step building on the previous one. In this way, comprehensive information about the student is obtained and considered.
Timelines are in place so that delays are avoided. Parents are an
integral part of this process, and your involvement is encouraged.